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- Cholesteatoma – A cyst-like sac most commonly found in the middle ear; can enlarge and destroy nearby bones.
- Dizziness (see Vertigo)
- Ear Infections (see Otitis Externa and Otitis Media)
- Eustachian Tube Dysfunction – The tube that connects the ear to the throat is not working properly; blockage of the tube leads to ear infections or pressure.
- Fullness in the Ears – Sense that the ears are plugged.
- Hearing Loss – Loss of hearing that can be caused by a variety of factors.
- Impacted Cerumen – Earwax that has accumulated in the ear canal and frequently needs to be removed by a professional.
- Labyrinthitis – Inflammation of the passages of the inner ear (labyrinths), which can cause dizziness and vomiting.
- Mastoiditis – Inflammation or infection of the mastoid bone, which is located behind the ear.
- Meniere’s Disease – Condition characterized by symptoms such as hearing loss, ringing in the ear, dizziness, and a sensation of fullness or pressure in the ears.
- Otalgia – Earache or pain in the ear.
- Otitis Externa – Inflammation or infection of the outside of the ear or ear canal.
- Otitis Media – Inflammation or infection of the middle ear.
- Otorrhea – Drainage from the ear.
- Otosclerosis – A condition characterized by hardening of the bones in the ear which can cause hearing loss.
- Ringing in the ears (see Tinnitus)
- Sudden Hearing Loss – Hearing loss that occurs within a short period of time.
- Tinnitus – Ringing, buzzing, humming, or clicking sound in the ears.
- Tympanic Membrane Perforation – A hole in the eardrum.
- Tympanosclerosis – Scarring of the eardrum.
- Vertigo – Sensation of moving around in space or of having objects move around the person.
- Bell’s Palsy – Paralysis of the face thought to be caused by a swelling of the facial nerve.
- Facial Fracture – A broken bone in the face.
- Neuralgia – Pain caused by inflammation or injury to a nerve.
- TMJ Syndrome (Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome) – Severe aching in the joint of the jaw, made worse by chewing.
Throat & Mouth
- Adenoiditis – Inflammation of the adenoids, the lymphatic tissue in the back wall of the nose.
- Aphthous Stomatitis – Canker sores.
- Dysphagia – Difficulty swallowing.
- Epiglottitis – Inflammation or infection of the epiglottis, the flap of cartilage behind the tongue.
- Gastroesophageal Reflux (Reflux Esophagitis) – The return of stomach acid and contents back into the esophagus, often causing heartburn.
- Globus Sensation – A feeling of a lump in the throat.
- Hoarseness – Voice disturbance or voice change.
- Hypertrophy (Tonsils with Adenoids) – Enlargement of tonsil/adenoid area.
- Laryngitis – Vocal cord inflammation, often causing hoarseness.
- Odynophagia – Painful swallowing.
- Paralysis of the Vocal Cords – Vocal cord(s) that do not move.
- Pharyngitis – Inflammation of the throat.
- Peritonsillar Abscess – Infection in a pocket behind the tonsils.
- Stomatitis – Inflammation in the mouth.
- Stridor – Harsh sound produced when breathing.
- Tonsils – Lymphatic tissue located on the sides of the throat.
- Tonsillitis – Inflammation or infection of the tonsils.
- Uvula – Fleshy structure that hangs down the back of the throat.
- Vocal Cords – Membranous folds stretched across the larynx, which produce sound by their vibrations as air passes between them.
- Vocal Cord Polyps or Nodules – Growths on the vocal cords, which can cause changes in the voice.
- Asthma – Condition characterized by difficult breathing, often with cough or wheezing, caused by tightening of the bronchial tubes and swelling of the linings of the airways.
- Bronchitis – Inflammation of the mucous membrane (lining) of the bronchial tubes of the lungs, typically caused by infection or irritation of the lungs, which are the breathing passageways in the chest.
- COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) – Chronic airway obstruction that results from emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma, or a combination of these disorders.
- Cough – A protective reflex that occurs when an irritant stimulates one of the several cough receptors in the airway.
- Croup – Childhood disease characterized by a barking cough and difficult breathing.
- Wheezing – Whistling sounds that occur with difficult breathing due to swelling or blockage of the airways.
Head & Neck
- Lymphadenopathy – Enlarged lymph nodes (glands).
- Parotitis – Inflammation of the parotid gland, the salivary gland situated in front of
- Sialadenitis – Inflammation of the salivary gland, which produces saliva in the mouth.
- Sialolithiasis – Presence of tiny, stone-like substances in the salivary gland.
Thyroid & Parathyroid
- Goiter – Enlargement of the thyroid gland, located in the front of the neck.
- Parathyroid Glands – Four small endocrine glands lying close to the posterior surface of the thyroid gland. The gland secretes the hormone parathormone.
- Thyroid and Parathyroid Diseases – Any of several conditions that result when the thyroid or parathyroid glands produce too little or too much hormone.
- Thyroid Gland – Ductless gland found on both sides of the trachea. Secretes thyroxine which controls metabolism.
- Thyroid Nodule – A little knot of cells on the thyroid gland.
- Thyroiditis – Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Nose & Sinus
- Allergic Rhinitis – Inflammation of the lining of the nose caused by allergies.
- Anosmia – Is a lack of functioning olfaction or in other words, an inability to perceive odors.
- Deviated Nasal Septum – A bend in the bony wall that divides the two sides of the nose.
- Epistaxis – Bleeding from the nose. See also What Causes Nosebleeds.
- Hypertrophy of Turbinates – Enlargement of tissue located in the nose that often causes difficult nasal breathing.
- Nasal Contusion – Bruising of the nasal bone or linings.
- Nasal Fracture – Broken nose.
- Nasal Polyp – A small growth of inflammatory tissue found in the nose.
- Nosebleed (see Epistaxis and What Causes Nosebleeds)
- Sinusitis – Inflammation or infection of a sinus.
- Vestibulitis – Inflammation or infection of the nose lining.
- Foreign Body – An object in an abnormal location which can cause obstruction and infection.
- Inflammation – The reaction of tissue to an injury or insult, resulting in swelling of the offended area.
- Infection – Occurs when the body or portion of the body is invaded by an organism such as bacteria or virus.
- Sleep Apnea – A disorder characterized by the inability to breathe during sleep.
- Snoring – The noise produced while breathing through the mouth during sleep.
- Speech/Language Disorder – Problems with producing words or individual sounds.
- Tumors – Benign or malignant masses.
- Allergic Conjunctivitis – Inflammation of the tissue lining of the eyelid due to exposure to allergens.
- Allergic Hives (Urticaria) – Swollen red bumps or blotches that appear on the skin, often accompanied by intense itching.
- Allergy Testing (Serial Endpoint Titration Method) – A series of needle pricks to determine which airborne allergens the individual is allergic to and the degree to which the individual is allergic to each one.
- Allergic Rhinitis – Inflammation of the nasal tissue, often due to sensitivity to an allergen.
- Anaphylaxis – A life-threatening allergic hypersensitive reaction of the body to a foreign protein or drug.
- Spirometry – Measurement of breathing capacity with a spirometer.